Мулч за градината и предимствата му

Градините имат всякакви форми, размери и характеристики. Цветните градини прибавят естетически приятна визия към всеки имот. Зеленчуковите градини от своя страна са атрактивни по свой начин и набират популярност с покачващите се цени на храната както и повечете свободно време от ранната 2020 година. Всички граидни, обаче, независимо дали цветни или зеленчукови имат полза от използването на мулч

Видове мулч за градина

Мулчирането е процес, при който почвата около растенията се покрива с различни материали, регулиращи водния и въздушния ѝ режим. Мулчът представлява слой органичен материал – слама, торф, компост, който се разполага около стъблата на растенията. Има голямо разнообразие от типове мулч, които се предлагат. Те могат да бъдат категоризирани в 2 главни групи – органични и неорганични

  • Органичен – Органичен или естествен мулч включва неща като дървесни стърготини, борови иглички, окосена трева, както и листа
  • Неорганичен – Неорганичен или синтетичен мулч включва камъчета, чакъл, пластмаса и гумени постелки

Предимства свързани с използване на мулч за градината

мулчирана градина
Мулчирана градина

Има много предимства при използване на мулч в градина, освен това тя да изглежда по-атрактивна и завършена. Някои предимства са:

  • Едно от най-големите предимства на мулча е способността да задържа влага, пестейки поливна вода
  • Органичните мулчове се разлагат с времето и допринасят за по-богата почва. Това може да е много полезно ако почвата не е много плодородна
  • Мулча предпазва от замръзване през зимата и допринася за контрола над плевелите
  • Други предимства включват защита от ерозия и защита от механични наранявания от косачки.
  • Някои мулчове, като кипарис, кедър или чипс от борови гори, вършат отлична работа по отблъскване на кърлежи, комари и бълхи.

Как се извършва мулчирането

  1. Избери предпочитания за теб мулч – борови иглички, окосена трева, дървени стърготини, листа и др. За компост ще е нужно повече време, компоста не може да се приготви на момента, а трябва предварително да е създаден.
  2. Подготви почвата – Почисти от плевели и нежелани растения, прекопай почвата и полей. Тя трябва да е влажна, но не мокра
  3. Прилагане – Мулчът се нанася равномерно около растенията с дебелина на слоя около 5-8см. Препоръчително да се разстели по начин, който осигурява лек наклон за оттичане на водата. Не поставяй мулча непосредствено до стволовете на дървета, за да се избегне преовлажняването
  4. Подновяване– Поради факта, че органичния мулч се разлага, това означава, че той трябва да бъде подновяван. Това се прави около 1-2 пъти годишно, в зависимост от това колко бързо се разлагат използваните материали в него.

Избиране на най-добрия мулч за градината ти

Младо растение в мулч
Снимка от Maddy Baker в Unsplash

Избора между видовете мулчове за градината зависи от няколко фактора, включително лично предпочитание и бюджет. Ако се интересуваш от подобряване на почвата, избери органичен мулч, който най-добре ще постигне резултатите които търсиш.

Градинари, които желаят тяхната градина да е напълно органична трябва да внимават при избирането на органичен мулч, който може да съдържа оцветители.

За градинарите с голяма озеленена площ, с която не искат да се суетят, синтетичният мулч може да бъде най-добрият вариант.

73 thoughts on “Мулч за градината и предимствата му”

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